Period 4: 1615-1664 (Turns 26-35)
End of Turn VPs during this period
England: Superior early game is halted abruptly by Civil War with numerous
revolts in Ireland. English decision to take care of Royalist forces first
proved to be wrong, as growing revolts pulled her stability down. Spain
and France used this opportunity to hit her hard, and twice was England
forced to surrender unconditonally. These surrenders were extremely costly,
because England lost great part of her colonial empire (Most notable was
her fisheries monopoly.) English future depends greatly on her ability
to regain her empire.
France: After Wars of Religion France began her climb with the help
of extremely good monarchs and superior ministers. The great achievement
of French politics is late participation to the 30 Years War and ability
to keep Spain out of it. France machinates two wars against England and
was very successful in these. Late in the period he helps Turkey to reduce
Spanish influence to Venice to pave his own supremacy in Med.
Holland: Holland uses pro-English policy, and concentrates his commercial
actions to Med and South America. As the rest of Hungary is threatened
by Turkey, he allies with Spain and fights a short indecisive war with
Turkey, which hinders Turkish drive towards Wien. As English predominance
seems to grow too high, Holland joins France and Spain to slow England.
Holland has used very cautious tactic, which brought him more VPs than
any other player got. It still left Holland vulnerable to the future shocks
to her economy, as French interests conflict his owns in Med and in Flanders.
Russia: After Polish disaster Russia raised his stability and participated
to the war against Sweden as Swedish armies were in Germany. After war
of attrition Russia was able to get Courland from Sweden and prevent total
protestant victory in the 30 Years War. Early Peter the Great left Russia
to improve his economy and to prepare his armies to the future operations
against Poland. It could be hard to stop Russian armies in the sixth period.
Spain: 30 Years War started fabulously, but it turned to be almost disasterous
as reinforcement die rolls were under all considerations. (Lot of 1s and
2s.) Only Russian help turned the tide to the stalemate. Spain used Turkish
low stability and hit him hard early on the period, so it took half a period
for Turkey to be a active major power in Europe. With the help of his Venetian
and Genoese allies he almost pressed Turkey back to the Black Sea and away
from the shores of Med. Only at land Turkey were able to operate and finally
Turkish forces threatened Wien, as Hungarian provinces were annexed one
by one. Spanish and Dutch help postponed this threat from the Habsburgs,
but it will emerge again, as Spain was unable to save her ally Venice from
the combined attack from Turkey and France. Although Spain operated several
times together with France, it has become clearer all the time, that the
main threat to Spain is coming, not from Turkey, but from France. The greatest
victory to the Spain was suppression of Portuguese national revolt, and
it will keep Spain high during the years of the 18th century.
Turkey: Polish disaster combined with unconditional surrender to the
Spain was almost fatal to the Turkish empire, but as all other powers were
concentrated to the 30 Years War, English Civil War and Wars between England
and Allies, he was able to take Persia out of the game totally, and late
in the period he is able to neutralize Spanish hegemony in Eastern Mediterranean
together with France by forcing unconditional surrender to Venice twice.
Venice surrenders unconditionally and cedes Raguse to Turkey and pays
reparations to Turkey and France.
The siege of Candia produces usure(-)... And of course turn ends just
The siege of Candia produces usure(+).
French offers honors of war to the defenders of Venice and Turks to
the defenders of Raguse. The siege of Candia produces nothing.
Turkey and France blockades and besieges Venice(usure(+)), Raguse(usure(+)),
Naxos(breach) and Candia(usure(-)). Venetians try to sneak out of Candia,
but Turkish ships intercept and eliminate them.
England founds trading posts in Guiana and Maine, colonizes Siam and
turns colony in Acadie to (+)-side. Holland founds trading post in Lahore
and turns the one in Senegal to (+)-side. Russia turn trading post in Kamtchaka
to (+)-side. France creates new trading post in Grands Lacs.
France gets Bayern to Entreé en Guerre. Turkey vassallizes Cyrenaica.
Spain gets Würtenberg, Papacy and Berg to Entreé en Guerre,
Köln to Corps Expeditionaire
Declarations of War:
Turkey declares war to Venice and calls his ally France with him.
Diplomatic Upheaval (2!!)
Revolt (Syria, (+))
France: Offer of Alliance
Russia: Agricultural Crisis
Spain: Military Leader (General, 1 Turn)
Turkey: Rush of Colonists
King of England dies and the heir is teenager with fragile health.
Venice surrenders unconditionally and cedes Mantua to France and Illyria
and Istria to Turkey. The national revolt of Portugal fails, and Spaniards
take colonies in Angola, Java and Lucon into their hands.
French/Turkish forces breaches Venice. After the bitter fight, last
defender dies and the city is ready to be burned. Venetian fleet is forced
to run blockade, fight valiantly against French batteries, but is finally
eliminated in the end by sheer number of Turkish galleons. With his flagship
sinks newly appointed brilliant Venetian admiral Morosini. It is rumoured,
that it will take decade before Venetians have decent admiral again.
Turkish volunteers accompany French besieging Venice. Usure(+).
French advance and besiege Venice without success. Venetian dogs surrenders
in Naxos, and - to the sultan's great displeasure - two extremely fat pashas
who 'volunteered' to the desperate returned to their tents. Venetians surrender
in Raguse as well, but those in Zara has some backbone and put up a pretty
fight. Turkey will honor the pashas who died there (Unfortunately there
wasn't much cash to keep very pretty funerals.)
The siege of Mantua produces breach, and Venetian defenders are butchered.
Turkish sieges continue in Naxos (usure(-)), Raguse (usure(+)) and Zara
(usure(+)). Spaniards eliminate last Portuguese revolt. Brits eliminate
last revolt in Azores as well, and this is the first time since the beginning
of the English Civil War that there isn't at least one revolt in England.
French expeditionary corps land in Mantua and besiege it with usure(+).
Turkey breaches Trieste and annihilate defenders. Other sieges continue
in Naxos (usure(+)), Raguse (usure(+)) and Zara.
French fleet sails from Atlantic to Toulon, takes couple of French
galleys, sails to the Marmara Sea, takes Turkish galley fleet and blockades
Venice's fleet to Venice. Turkey commits major offensive and besieges and
blockades Naxos (usure(-)), Raguse, Zara (attrition) and Trieste (usure(-)).
England founds a colony in Annam and France in Carolina. Spanish colony
in La Plata turns to the (+)-side.
Turkey gets Al Djazair in Entrée en Guerre and Cyrenaica to
Declarations of War:
Turkey and France make offensive alliance and declare war to Venice.
Diplomatic Upheaval (7)
Closure of Japan (Well, they saw that competition last turn...and understood.)
Fronde in France
England: Exceptional Year
France: Poor Weather
Holland: Discovery of Mines (Who would have guessed they could mine
anything in that swamp?)
Russia: Military Leader (Admiral, two turns)
Spain: Scandal at the Court
Turkey: Excellent Ministers (9.7.7, YES!! At last good administrator!)
Peter the Great dies, but Russia got a good start to next period.
England surrenders unconditionally to the allies and cedes a colony
in Terra Nueve to Spain and pays reparations to Holland.
Hull surrender to the French and besieges usure(+) to Plymouth. Scots
and Spaniards breach Lincoln. Spanish main army together with Scots attack
London and eliminate English army there and breach London. English fleet
flee, but Dutch intercept them and eliminate them as well.
French besiege Hull with usure(+) and Scots Lincoln with usure(-).
Spaniards breach Birmingham. San Miguel surrenders to the Dutch.
Spaniards land and breach Liverpool. French besiege Hull without success.
Dutch besiege San Miguel with usure(+).
English fleets try to sneak out from the harbors, but are caught on
the both places: in London they fight draw and they break as all warships
are eliminated in Cork. French besiege Newcastle with usure(+) and send
a fireship towards London: unsuccessfull. Dutch land in Azores and besiege
San Miguel with usure(+).
Brits intercept moving Spaniards and fight a draw. Combined French
and Scotch forces besiege Newcastle with usure(-). Spaniards blockade English
fleet in Cork. French main fleet blockades English main fleet in London.
Dutch detachment takes English trading post in Bengale but is wiped out
by angry natives.
France builds the palace of Versailles- in one turn! France founds
a trading post in Ohio and turns another in Côte d'Ivoire to the
(+)-side. Holland turn trading post in Senegal and colony in Haiti to (+)-side.
England founds a trading post in Carnatic. England and Holland compete
each other away from Nippon.
Russia gets Denmark to Corps Expeditionaire. France gets Bayern to
Alliance Militaire, Lorraine to Corps Expeditionaire and vassallizes Savoia.
Spain gets Würtemberg to Alliance Militaire. Turkey gets Tunis to
Declarations of War:
France with Spain and Holland declare war to England
Revolt (Guyenne, (-) with general)
War with Scotland
Colbertian Mercantelism in France
France: Excellent Ministers
Turkey: Technological Advance (Land+1)
30 Years War ends in stalemate. All participating majors collect bunch
of victory points except England as Danish military skills are unspeakable.
Hungarians surrender unconditionally to Turkey and cedes Carinthia and
Pecs. Spain and Holland make informal peace with Turkey.
Freiburg is freed from the catholic leaque by French forces. Habsburgs
besiege Erfurt with usure(-). Russians besiege Sveaborg with usure(-).
Spaniards attack Delta, eliminate Pasha and breaches Damietta. Dutch breach
Suez and together with Venetians Nish with usure(+).
Buda falls to Turkish hands. Russians advance yet again to Finland,
but this time Swedes decide that enough is enough and retreat before combat
to Abo. Siege produces nothing.
Turkish forces attack Hungarians in Buda: Major victory! Hungarians
eliminated. Following siege produces usure(+). Russians wipe out two Swedish
detachments in Estonia, but don't bother to start besieging. French
forces succeed in re-establishing the rightful catholic rule in La Rochelle
(while other forces continue the siege of Freiburg for protestants :-)
Turkish forces breach Pest. Russians force Dorpat to surrender with
Honors of War (roll of 10...) and they also manage to swat the Swedish
forces back to Abo. Gustav Adolf dies in combat. Sweden makes a comeback
and Russians are forced back to Newa.
Grand Vizier besieges Pest with usure(+). Crimeans attack Dutch in
Egypt, but are forced to retreat after draw. Russians continue to siege
Sveaborg (no result) and Dorpat (usure (+)). The Swedish counterattack
forces the Russians to retreat. The French forces start the liberation
of Germany by pacifying Baden and starting the siege of Freiburg. Meanwhile
the other French army removes some rebellious hugenots from Poitou and
continues the siege of La Rochelle.
France founds a trading post in Mosambique, England in Nippon and Holland
Turkey vassallizes Maroc. Spain gets Tuscany to Entree en Guerre and
vassallizes Parma. France gets Poland to Entree en Guerre and Savoia to
Corps Expeditionaire, and after a close competition with England, gets
Scotland to Marriage Royal.
Diplomatic Upheaval (19 URGH!)
Act of Navigation
England: Gift to the State (82D$)
France: Agricultural Technique Development
Holland: Exceptional Year
Russia: Technological advance (Land+1)
Spain: Enthusiasm for the Navy (Naval+1)
Turkey: Corruption (AGAIN!!!)
French , Dutch and Turkish leaders die...
Russians besiege Sveaborg and Dorpat with usure(+)s. French siege of
la Rochelle produces usure(-). Sultan attacks with two full armies two
Hungarian detachments but LOSES. Three remaining Hungarian cavalry pursuit
Turks back. Dutch attack defending Pasha in Egypt and annihilate it. Cairo
falls immediately in the following siege. Habsburgs breach Prague. Prussians'
besieges provides nothing. Gustav Adolph is ready to strike Russians in
Finland, Sultan Hungarians in Buda and Crimeans Dutch in Cairo, but an
unfortunate die roll ends the turn. (Of course!)
Russians continue besieging Sveaborg (no result) and start a new project
in Dorpat with a bit better success (usure (-)). Turkish sultan forced
marches without a single loss to Carinthia, overruns detachment and forces
a surrender in the following siege. Turkish fleet intercept Venetian fleet
and fight a bloody draw. Dutch land in Alexandria and breach the walls.
Habsburgs besiege Prague with usure(-). Prussians besiege Weimar and Breslau
England founds colonies in Acadie and Delhi. France founds a trading
post in Côte d'Ivoire and turns colony in America to (+)-side. Russian
colony in Ienisseisk turns to (+)-side. Dutch founds a trading post in
Turkey vassallizes Tripoli. Spain gets Papacy to Alliance Militaire.
France gets Ohio to Entree en Guerre.
Declarations of War:
Turkey declares war to Hungary. Holland and Spain declares war to Turkey.
France joins the 30 years war and declares war to Habsburgs.
Rebellion of La Rochelle
Peter the Great (!)
France: Looting and Insecurity
Holland: Death of a military leader (?Admiral)
Russia: Cultural Expansion
Spain: Cultural Expansion
Turkey: Exceptional Year
Dutch monarch (6-6-6) dies when reaching legal age and is replaced
by his grand uncle.
Persia surrenders unconditionally and is removed from the game when
the last province is ceded to Turkey. England surrenders unconditionally
to the Allies and cedes a colony in Acadie to Holland, trading post in
Nippon to France and trading post in Bengale to Spain.
Spanish assault of Plymouth fails. Swedes assault Prague and after
a bloody fight eliminates defenders. Russians siege Sveaborg with usure(+).
Swedes breach Karlsbad. French forces breach Toulon again. This time
they annihilate defenders. French navy attacks English fleet in Norwegian
Sea. The battle is draw, but England has only 6 ships of line left in his
main fleet (He has additional two detachments (2 ships) in Bay of Fundy.)
Sultan breaches Tbilis and Khan forces surrender in Baku. Russian siege
of Sveaborg produces nothing. Metz surrenders to Mansfeld. Prussians besiege
Breslau with usure(-) and Weimar without success.
Swedes besiege Karlsbad with usure(+). Russians intercept Swedish reinforces
in Finland, but forces are unable to find each other. On their turn, Russians
attack Swedes and almost eliminate them. Sveaborg is besieged with usure(-).
Sultan's forces attack Persians in Georgia. Major victory to the Turkish
arms. Following siege of Tbilis produces usure(+). The siege of Baku produces
usure(-). French forces breach Toulon, but are beaten back. Spaniards breach
Dublin. Prussians besiege Breslau and Weimar without success.
Turkey besiege Mosul with honors of war and Baku with usure(+). Swedes
besiege Karlsbad without success. Russians attack Swedes again in Finland,
but this time there is Swedish army(+) waiting: Swedes suffer losses, but
force Russians to retreat. England attacks French forces in Liverpool.
After undecisive battle French are forced to retreat but are eliminated
as there was no place to retreat. English privateers sail to the gulf of
Guinea and Caribbean Sea. Danes breach Magdeburg. French pirateers move
to the CTZ Russia, CTZ England and Western Atlantic Coast. French forces
overrun rebels in Provence and besiege Toulon with usure(+). Spain besiege
Dublin without success. Spanish privateer sails to the Baltic Sea. Dutch
privateer sail to the Eastern Indian Ocean. Mansfeld besieges Metz with
Turkey besiege Mosul with usure(+). Crimean siege of Baku produces
nothing. Persians attack Crimeans in Baku, but they are thrown away by
a victorious Khan. Russians attack Finland, but defending Swedish detachments
hold their thin yellow line. French forces land in Liverpool and besiege
without success. French attack agains rebels in Provence but suffers a
little bit too many losses and are forced to retreat. Danes besiege Magdeburg
without success. English fleet attack blockading French fleet but the result
is a bloody draw. (35 English and 19 French ships of line are sunk) Spaniards
land in Cork and breach the walls. Mansfeld besiege Metz without success.
Holland founds Trading Posts in Quebec and Java. French colony in America
turns to (+)-side.
Turkey vassallizes Cyrenaica and Tunis. France gets Poland to Entreé
en Guerre and Helvetica to Alliance Militaire.
Declarations of War:
Russia makes offensive alliance with France, Holland and Spain. Russia,
France, Holland and Spain declare war to England. Russia declares war to
Sweden. Genoa declares war to England. Scotland declares war to Grande
Alliance. Turkey declares war to Persia. Crimea declares war to Persia
Extension of the Mogol Empire
Diplomatic Upheaval (4)
Revolt (Provence, (+), Detachment, general)
Diplomatic Upheaval (6, oh well...)
England: Enthusiasm for the Navy (Naval +1)
France: Gift to the State (53D$)
Holland: Development of Warships
Russia: Depletion of a Mine (Inca!)
Spain: Scandal at the Court
Turkey: Dynastic Inheritance
Persia surrenders unconditionally to Turkey, and cedes provinces Meched,
Ormuz and Ispahan. Bayern surrenders to protestants as well as Köln.
English Civil War ends as all royalist forces are eliminated.
Everybody only waits the turn to end except Turks who breach Kars and
Swedes intercept moving Bavarians with Tilly and annihilate them. Tilly
is taken prisoner. Köln surrenders to Mansfeld. Spaniards breach Londonderry.
Ispahan surrenders to Turkish besiegers. Baku is besieged with usure(-)
and Kars with usure(+).
French forces hit Brits in Ulster and forces them to retreat, but as
there is no place to retreat, they are eliminated instead. Swedes breach
Munich. Mansfeld besieges Köln with usure(+). Turkish forces eliminate
remaining Persian armies and besiege Kars with usure(-). Baku is besieged
with usure(+). Danes breach Berlin. Turkish army hit Persians in Kars and
annihilate them. Following siege produces nothing. The siege of Ispahan
produces second breach, and once again sultan refuses to fight. Spaniards
land Ireland and besiege Londonderry with usure(+).
French breach Cork. English forces land Ulster, besiege Belfast with
usure(+) and suppress the rebellion. Swedes besiege Munich with usure(+).
Mansfeld besiege Köln with usure(-). Danes besiege Berlin with usure(+).
Habsburgs besiege and breach Magdeburg. Persians attack Crimeans besieging
Baku, but with valiant firing these two detachments throw attacking army(+)
and army(-) to flee in panic. Turkish forces breach Ispahan, but they refuse
the fight (And possible death of the sultan). Spaniards breach Oporto.
French besiege Cork with usure(+). Brits breach Cardiff, Plymouth and
Portsmouth. England is free from royalists. Swedes breach Nürnberg.
The siege of Berlin produces usure(-). Persians intercept Crimean army
in Kars and fight a victory against them. They assault the walls of the
town as well, and after three days of fighting, the last defender dies.
The siege of Ispahan produces usure(-). The siege of Baku produces usure(-).
Spaniards breach Lisboa and besiege Oporto with usure(-).
French forces besiege Cork without success. Brits besiege Cardiff without
success, Plymouth and Portsmouth with usure(+). Dutch breach Hull. Gustaf
II Adolf intercepts moving Habsburgs and annihilates them. Gustaf II Adolf
is wounded for 5 rounds in the battle. Swedes attack in their turn against
Bavarians and force them to retreat and wound Tilly for 3 rounds. The siege
of Nürnberg produces usure(+). Danes besiege Berlin without success.
Persian siege of Erevan produces nothing. Turkey besieges Ispahan and breaches
Ormuz. The siege of Baku suffers attrition. Spain besieges Lisboa with
usure(+) and Oporto with usure(-).
Plots at the court forces Sultan(2.5.4(-4)) to take the field. Major
british offensive eliminates all remaining royalist armies in England.
Following sieges are unsudccessful. Dutch besiege Hull with usure(+). Swedes
march to the Berlin, but the siege is unsuccessful. Mansfeld besieges Köln.
Persian forces besiege Erevan. Turkish forces besiege Ormuz (usure(+))
and Crimeans Baku. Spaniards annihilate Portuguese detachments in Algarve,
Tago and Oporto, and besieges Lisboa with usure(-) and Oporto without success.
Russia founds a Trading Post in Kamchatcka and turns a colony in Omsk
to (+)-side. England founds a Trading Post in Malabar and a colony in Mascareignes.
France founds a colony in America and natives destroy a French Trading
Post in Côte d'Ivoire. Dutch founds colony in Rio and a Trading Post
France gets Poland to Alliance Militaire and Spain gets Parma to Entreé
Extension of the Mogul Empire
Revolt (Solvay in Scotland)
The National Revolt of Portugal
France: Independence of the Vassal (What vassal?)
Turkey: Plots at the Court
Spanish monarch dies...again.
Turn 28 -Iron and blood, blood, blood...
Saxony surrenders to Habsburgs. Almost the whole Ireland is in rebellion
after rebellion extension phase.
Dutch besiege Hull with usure(+). Because of the lack of suitable targets
or own power (There is only one (Dutch) (+)-army in the war zone) all other
activity stops. Total losses of this turn in field battles and sieges are
711 000 in Western Europe and 205 000 in Turkey/Persia war.
Dutch besiege Hull with usure(-). Mansfield forces a march to attack
Pappenheim in Erfurt and loses 20% of his forces in the process. The following
battle is (again) a bloody draw, but this time it is Pappenheim's turn
to die. It is truly a hazardous job to lead Habsburg armies.
Parliamentary forces attack decimated French/Spanish stack and annihilate
it. Spinola, C. Infant and one unknown Spanish and French general find
themselves in the Tower to be shipped to Spain and France with the next
suitable ship. Dutch besiege Hull without success. Mansfeld breaches the
walls of Strassbourg. Hannoverians attack Habsburgs again, but they are
annihilated. The remaining Persian forces are annihilated and the Shah
put to the spike when Turkish forces attack them in Ormuz. Turkish forces
France and Spain brings reinforcements to England and attack English
troops which manage to retreat. The town of Liverpool falls to their hands.
Dutch arrive on their turn and attack French and Spaniards. Dutch are victorious
and breaches Liverpool in their turn, but Mauritz is wounded in the battle.
Hannoverian army and Hansa detachment attacks again Wallenstein, but the
only casualty of the battle is Wallenstein himself. Persians sends reinforces
to the troops besieging Teheran, but Turkish forces manages to intercept
them. Both sides suffer only minimal losses (10 000 Turks vs. 36 000 Persians)
and Persian are forced to retreat to Meched. Turkish forces follow, and
although the resulting battle is draw, it seals Persian fate, as they suffer
52 000 casualties and Turkish forces suffer only 30 000: Persian army is
down to 13 000 troops. The following siege produces usure(+) and the siege
of Tiflis breaches the walls.
Parliament strikes back and leave French/Spanish army with only their
artilleries, but suffers enough himself that he is forced to retreat. As
French and Spaniards retreat, Royalists see their chance to punish heretics,
and attack to Liverpool. Despite superior leadership they suffer heavy
losses and are forced to retreat. Danish forces attack Tilly again, but
this time he manages to leave battlefield without a battle. Wallenstein
and Habsburg armies surprise Danes who were still looking for Tilly and
his Bavarians and annihilate them.Tilly besieges Erfurt. Hannoverian army
marches to attack Wallenstein, but he manages to retreat to Berlin. Persian
forces continues their besiege without success, but as Turkish forces attack
in Kars, they are forced to retreat after losing half an army. Total losses
in the first three rounds in western Europe is 489 000 men slaughtered
in the field battles, 28 000 in sieges and 46 000 in Turkey.
English forces breach both Birmingham and Liverpool. Combined French/Spanish
expeditionary force land in Plymouth and attack English forces in Birmingham.
Following battle is total disaster to Parliament, as only minimal forces
survive this encounter. In the following siege they breach the walls of
Birmingham easily. In Germany Wallenstein breaches Berlin, and Tilly besieges
Dresden with usure(-). Is the protestant cause in Germany in peril? No,
as valiant King of Denmark, Kristian IV, the man with more heart than head,
arrives. He attacks evil Bavarians and fights a bloody draw with them.
Before being forced to retreat from the field, he suffers fatal wound and
leaves the command of his armies to very competent general of his. Everybody
rejoice. Mansfield intercepts Badeners trying to attack lightly defended
Mainz and annihilates them. Persians continue besieging Tehran and Kars,
but Turkish forces are closing...
English forces besiege Birmingham and Liverpool with usure(+)s. Royalist
army defending Liverpool manages to sneak to Wales. Persian army besiege
Tehran and Kars without success. Turkish army executes an outstanding manouver
and marches all the way from the Hungarian border to the middle Anatolia
without a single loss. Germany is badly agitated as only Hessen leaves
out of the war. Prussian army suffers major defeat as Wallenstein almost
annihilate them in Berlin. Tilly and his Bavarians almost annihilate incompetently
lead Sachsen army. Following sieges produce usure(-)s to Berlin and Dresden.
Mansfield brings only little hope to the German protestants, as he annihilates
Lorraine's detachment. English royalists besiege Portsmouth and Irish rebels
France colonizes Carolina. Spain founds a colony in Chili. Holland
colonizes Recife and founds a Trading Post in Siam.
England vassallizes Scotland
Unrest in India
England: Defection of an Ally (Hansa)
France: Military leader (Admiral)
Holland: Renewal of Polularity
Russia: Exceptional Year
Spain: Reorganization of an Army
Turkey: Excellent Ministers (3.8.8, Aaaaaarrrggghhh!!!)
Spanish monarch dies prematurely and Dutch naturally.
Russia surrenders level 2 peace to Poland and pays reparations..
Russia breaches Bessarabia and Poland Smolensk. English forces acquire
major victory against French and Spanish forces besieging Portsmouth.
French forces invade Cornwall and breach the walls of Plymouth. Russia
besieges Bessarabia with usure(+). Poland besieges Smolensk with usure(+).
England gets Fort William in Bengale to (+) side. Spain founds a new
colony in La Plata. France founds a trading post in Gabon. Russia found
two colonies in Baikal. Holland founds a colony in Belem and trading post
English Civil War
30 Years War
War in India
France: Depletion of a Mine
Russia: Depletion of a Mine
Turkey: Reorganisation of the Army
Russian monarch dies again.
Turkey surrenders unconditionally to Spain and allies and cedes Morea
and Albania to Spain and Caranthia to Hungary. Russia offers level 2 peace
to Poland, but she refuses.
Spain refuses to take chances with the Turks although Spanish sailors
are getting nervous from all of those insults they hear from Turks. Poland
besieges Smolensk with usure(+).
King of Spain hit Al Djazairish forces in Spain. Spanish defeat, and
the King flees with a couple thousand soldiers. Spinola intercepts foolhardily
Turkish army in clear terrain, and is annihilated. Unfortunately it is
not major victory, as Spain rolls a little bit too high on the shock step.
Poland besieges Smolensk with usure(-).
Poland wins yet more, and this time it was Russian turn to lose in
Smolensk. Following siege produces nothing. Turkish forces decimate the
attacking Fleet of Venice, but is unable to break them. Al Djazairish forces
invade undefended Valencia and breach the walls. Turkish forces fight indecisive
battle with Habsburgs in Marozs.
Poland attacks turkish and crimean stacks and annihilates the crimean
one (way to go Poland!). Turkey is forced to lift the siege of Warsawa.
Heavy fighting between Turkish and allied catholics led by Spanish all
around southern Balkan and Western Mediterranean. Turkey can't roll worth
Poland exterminates 2 Russian stacks with little losses. Poland still
fights back after 20 years of invasion! Turkey besieges Warsawa.
France takes Papacy and Savoija from Spain but lose Scotland to England
which takes them vassal (woh!).
Creation of the London Exchange
Revolt in Ceylon
England: Poor Weather
France: Looting and Insecurity
Holland: Exceptional Year
Russia: Looting and Insecurity
Spain: Crisis of Madness
Turkey: Discovery of Mines
French and Russian monarchs die naturally.